The numbers: Reports of the demise of the U.S. economy proved unfounded as first-quarter activity showed surprising strength. The U.S. economy expanded at a 3.2% annual pace in the first three months of 2019, the government said Friday.
The gain was well above forecasts. Economists polled by MarketWatch had forecast a 2.3% increase in gross domestic product. The economy grew at a 2.2% rate in the final three months of 2018.
Inflation moderated a bit in the first quarter.
What happened: One unexpected factor behind the acceleration in GDP growth in the first quarter was a sharp upturn in state and local government spending.
Spending at this level jumped 3.9% after a 1.3% drop in the prior three months. This was the fastest gain in three years. Spending by local governments likely picked up due to the partial federal government shutdown.
Also fueling the stronger GDP growth were stronger inventory building and trade. These factors are volatile and could reverse this quarter.
Final sales to domestic purchasers, which excludes trade and inventory behavior, rose 2.3% in the first quarter, the smallest gain in three years, but still well above what economists were expecting.
The value of inventories increased to $128.4 billion from $96.8 billion, adding to GDP.
The trade sector added a little more than 1% to growth in the first quarter. Exports rose 3.7%, while imports dropped by the same amount, leading to a smaller trade deficit.
Offsetting these gains, consumer spending decelerated to a 1.2% gain, the slowest increase in a year.
Business fixed investment decelerated to a relatively slow 2.7% gain, down from a 5.4% gain in the prior quarter. Investment in structures fell 0.8%, the third straight decline.
Investment in new housing was another weak spot. Residential investment dropped 2.8%, the fifth straight quarterly decline.
Inflation, as measured by the personal consumption expenditure price index, fell to a 1.4% annual rate in the first quarter from 1.9% in the prior three-month period. The decline in core PCE inflation was less pronounced, slipping to 1.7% from 1.9%. The monthly inflation numbers will be released on Monday.
Big picture: The acceleration in growth in the first quarter is all the more remarkable considering the doom and gloom that surrounded the first-quarter outlook in December. Before the new year began, the Atlanta Fed’s “nowcast” model projected 0.5% growth and the flattening of the yield curve was fueling talk of recession. The partial government shutdown, which limited economic data, added to unease.
Instead, the economic data improved steadily as the quarter progressed. Economists think the strong gain in retail sales in March bodes well for second-quarter growth.
The Federal Reserve is not expected to change its patient approach to interest-rate policy despite the strong report. Officials are expected to wait to see how the economy fares in the second quarter before making any decisions. The solid performance in the first quarter may quell some of the chatter that the next Fed move will be a rate cut.
U.S. central bankers will meet next week to discuss the outlook. Reporters will get a chance to ask Fed Chairman Jerome Powell about the GDP data at his news conference on Wednesday.
What are they saying? “In sum, GDP growth is very impressive, while the composition was less impressive but still solid. The economy is still ploughing ahead despite the persistent pessimism that has been exacerbated by the Fed’s abrupt and mysterious abandonment of policy normalization,” said Ward McCarthy, chief financial U.S. economist at Jefferies.
Market reaction: The dollar DXY, -0.10% jumped after the data was released. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note TMUBMUSD10Y, -1.42% also rose. Stocks were mixed with the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, +0.31% up slightly in late afternoon trading.
Economy grows 3.2% in first quarter, GDP shows, in report showing strength as well as short-term boosts
What goes up must come down. A collapse event is on the horizon.
The big SHTF will happen in the blue states. It’s already happening in blue cities like Chicago, Seattle, and San Francisco.
The purple states will tear themselves apart as the political violence gets worse, and blue-state refugees flee to the purple states and bring their failed policies with them.
The red states will do better, since they tend to attract like-minded conservative refugees from the blue and purple states. However, as the political collapse turns into an economic collapse, the red states will become targets and residents will feel like they’re under siege.
Best place to be is in a red state that is a net food and energy exporter, with very little public debt and strong community ties.
Someone explain this in laymen’s terms? my brains melted from finals, working every day, booze, and energy drinks… I heard trump was part of the economy boom because he pulled back on the regulations businesses were under, I’m skeptical on that statement though because its not something I’m familiar with. Also heard tax cutting always boosts the economy for a little bit.
Both are true. What undermined their effectiveness was rising interest rates.
Manufacturing jobs are returning but that’s a slow process that will probably take four to six years to really start showing up because it’s going to take quite a bit of time to build new facilities, outfit them, and train the workforce needed to operate them.
The trade battle with China is also going much slower than the administration predicted and it has seriously hurt our agricultural sector. In time that pendulum will swing back as the deals get done but the full recovery in the ag sector will probably take 2-3 years once those deals are done.
Remember, agriculture is seasonal. In most of the country farmers can only produce a maximum of two crops per year. In the grain belt, absent irrigation most are limited to one crop annually which is wheat. Once prices start to recover it will then take them a season or two to really get back in the black and that’s assuming mother nature is kind and we don’t have significant droughts, flooding, etc wiping out crops.
That is your alter-ego speaking! In your heart you wish for a crash!
I don’t wish for a crash. What I’m saying is a crash is inevitable. Because a crash is inevitable we should all be prepared. A crash will cause immeasurable suffering and death. My hope is that during the crash and post-crash we find those responsible and ensure justice is served.
No a crash is not inevitable, it is in fact less likely today and in the near future than it has been in decades since we’re once again expanding our manufacturing base and the rest of the economy is looking pretty solid.
Its all about making business activities less expensive and legally complicated (i.e. the EPA or any other nefarious governmental agencies are less prone to shut you down for " possible environmental and social harms"). Why do you think most things from the baby’s pacifier to a smartphone are being assembled all the way in China, even tho manufacturers will have to pay a sum to ship things back and forth?